1913/1916, Turkey (Ottoman), Mehmed V. Cu-Nickel 5/10/20/40 Para Coins. 4pcs!
Condition: VF-XF! Mint Place: Qustantiniya (Constantinople) Denominations: 5 Para / 10 Para / 20 Para / 40 Para. References: KM-759 / KM-760 / KM-761 / KM-766. Mint Dates: 1913/1916/1913/1913 (AH 1327/1909 AD + Regnal Year 4/7/4/4) Weight: 1.78gm-5.97gm (each) Diameter: 16mm-23mm (each) Material: Copper-Nickel
Obverse: Tughra (State Seal) of the Sultan above regnal year (4/7/4/4). El-Ghazi title in right field. Wreath below, legends above.
Reverse: Denomination numeral (5/10/20/40). Mint name (Constantinople) to left, two stars above, accession date (1327) within wreath below.
Mehmed V Reshad (2/3 November 1844 – 3/4 July 1918) was the 35th Ottoman Sultan. He was the son of Sultan Abdülmecid I. His Mother was Valide Sultan Gülcemal, (Caucasus, 1826 - Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 16 November 1851), originally named Sofiya, an Albanian. He was succeeded by his half-brother Mehmet VI.
He was born at Topkapi Palace, Constantinople. Like many other potential heirs to the throne, he was confined for 30 years in the Harems of the palace. For nine of those years he was in solitary confinement. During this time he studied poetry of the old Persian style and was an acclaimed poet. On his ninth birthday he was ceremoniously circumcised in the special Circumcision Room (Sünnet Odasi) of Topkapi Palace.
His reign began on 27 April 1909 but he had no real political power. The actual decisions were made by various members of the Ottoman government and finally, during the First World War, by the Three Pashas: Enver Pasha, Talat Pasha, and Cemal Pasha.
Mehmed V's only significant political act was to formally declare Jihad against the Allies on 11 November 1914. This was the last genuine proclamation of Jihad in history by a Caliph, as the Caliphate lasted until 1924. The proclamation had no noticeable effect on the war, despite the fact that many Muslims lived in Ottoman territories. The Arabs eventually joined the British forces against the Ottomans with the Arab Revolt in 1916.
Mehmed V hosted Kaiser Wilhelm II, his World War I ally, in Constantinople on 15 October 1917. He was made Generalfeldmarschall of the Kingdom of Prussia on 27 January 1916 and of the Empire of Germany on 1 February 1916.
Mehmed V has been accused of war crimes and mass murder for his role in the massacre of Armenians, Greek conflicts and Assyrian conflicts.
Mehmed V died at Yildiz Palace on 3 July 1918 at the age of 73, only four months before the end of World War I. Thus, he did not live to see the downfall of the Ottoman Empire. He spent most of his life at the Dolmabahçe Palace and Yildiz Palace in Constantinople. His grave is in the historic Eyüp district of the city.
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