1897, South Africa (Republic). Silver 2-½ Shillings (Half Crown) Coin. XF-AU!
Mint Year: 1897 Reference: KM-7. Mintage: 149,000 pcs. Denomination: 2-1/2 Shillings (Half Crown) Condition: A few edge-hits, minor scratches in fields, otherwise XF-AU! Material: Sterling Silver (.925) Weight: 14.06gm Diameter: 32mm
Obverse: Bearded bust of Paul Kruger as President left. Legend: ZUID AFRIKAANSCHE REPUBLIEK
Reverse: Round coat-of-arms within foliage. Rose, flanked by sprays below. Legend: ZUID AFRIK. REPUB. 1897 * 2-1/2 SHILLINGS *
The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, or ZAR), often informally known as the Transvaal Republic, was an independent Boer-ruled country in Southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century. Not to be confused with the present-day Republic of South Africa, it occupied the area later known as the South African province of Transvaal. The ZAR was established in 1852, and was independent from 1856 to 1877, then again from 1881 to 1900 after the First Boer War, in which the Boers regained their independence from the British Empire.
In 1900 the ZAR was annexed by the United Kingdom during the Second Boer War although the official surrender of the territory only took place at the end of the war, on 31 May 1902. In 1910 it became the Transvaal Province of the Union of South Africa.
The first president of the South African Republic was Marthinus Wessel Pretorius, elected in 1857, son of the famous Voortrekker leader Andries Pretorius, who commanded the Boers to Victory at the Battle of Blood River.
The capital was established at Pretoria (founded 1855), though for a brief period Potchefstroom served as the seat of government. The parliament, the Volksraad, had 24 members.
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