(sold for $44.0)


1900, Nurnberg (City). Beautiful "500th Birthday of Johannes Gutenberg" Medal.

Mint Year: 1900 Reference: Erlanger 1410. Condition: Minimal deposits, otherwise a nice AU-UNC with red mint luster in protected areas! Denomination: Medal - 500th Birthday of Johannes Gutenberg (a German inventor, printer, publisher, and goldsmith who introduced printing to Europe with his mechanical movable-type printing press). Weight: 16.43gm Diameter: 35mm Material: Bronze

Obverse: Draped and caped bust of Johannes Gutenberg 3/4 right. Legend:  JOHANNES GUTENBERG * MCCCC-MDCCCC *

Reverse: Three coat-of-arms (German Empire above / Nurnberg below), bound together with a band, above date (1900). Legend: * Z. 500 JÄHR. GEBURTSFEIER GUTENBERG'S * D.NÜRNBERGER BUCHDRUCKER * Translated:  "For the 500th Birthday Jubilee of Gutenberg, the bood printer of Nurnberg."

Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (c. 1400 – February 3, 1468) was a German inventor, printer, publisher, and goldsmith who introduced printing to Europe with his mechanical movable-type printing press. His work started the Printing Revolution in Europe and is regarded as a milestone of the second millennium, ushering in the modern period of human history. It played a key role in the development of the Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Enlightenment, and Scientific Revolution, as well as laying the material basis for the modern knowledge-based economy and the spread of learning to the masses.

While not the first to use movable type in the world, in 1439 Gutenberg was the first European to do so. His many contributions to printing include: the invention of a process for mass-producing movable type; the use of oil-based ink for printing books; adjustable molds; mechanical movable type; and the use of a wooden printing press similar to the agricultural screw presses of the period. His truly epochal invention was the combination of these elements into a practical system that allowed the mass production of printed books and was economically viable for printers and readers alike. Gutenberg's method for making type is traditionally considered to have included a type metal alloy and a hand mould for casting type. The alloy was a mixture of lead, tin, and antimony that melted at a relatively low temperature for faster and more economical casting, cast well, and created a durable type.

The use of movable type was a marked improvement on the handwritten manuscript, which was the existing method of book production in Europe, and upon woodblock printing, and revolutionized European book-making. Gutenberg's printing technology spread rapidly throughout Europe and later the world. His major work, the Gutenberg Bible (also known as the 42-line Bible), was the first printed version of the Bible and has been acclaimed for its high aesthetic and technical quality. In Renaissance Europe, the arrival of mechanical movable type printing introduced the era of mass communication which permanently altered the structure of society. The relatively unrestricted circulation of information—including revolutionary ideas—transcended borders, captured the masses in the Reformation, and threatened the power of political and religious authorities; the sharp increase in literacy broke the monopoly of the literate elite on education and learning and bolstered the emerging middle class. Across Europe, the increasing cultural self-awareness of its people led to the rise of proto-nationalism, accelerated by the flowering of the European vernacular languages to the detriment of Latin's status as lingua franca. In the 19th century, the replacement of the hand-operated Gutenberg-style press by steam-powered rotary presses allowed printing on an industrial scale, while Western-style printing was adopted all over the world, becoming practically the sole medium for modern bulk printing.

An overview of the wide acclaim of Gutenberg’s accomplishments is found in several sources: In 1999, the A&E Network ranked Gutenberg no. 1 on their "People of the Millennium" countdown. In 1997, Time–Life magazine picked Gutenberg's invention as the most important of the second millennium. Four prominent US journalists did the same in their 1998 resume, ranking his impact high in shaping the millennium. The Catholic Encyclopedia describes Gutenberg’s invention as having made a practically unparalleled cultural impact in the Christian era.

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This coin has been sold for   $44.0

Notes: https://www.ebay.com/itm/154618992937 2021-09-27

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