(sold for $53.0)

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1766, Royal France, Louis XV. Silver "Arquebusiers" Shooting Award Medal. Rare!

Mint Year: 1766 Engraver: J. Mauger (jm) Reference: Feurdent 8019. var. Condition: Numerous tiny bag-marks/nicks in obverse, otherwise aXF/AU! Denomination: Shooting Award Medal - Awarded to Arquebusiers of the La Rochefoucauld cavalry in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre (a commune in the Seine-et-Marne département in the Île-de-France region in north-central France) during 1766. Diameter: 30mm Weight: 8.92gm Material: Silver

Obverse: Head of Louis XV right. Engraver´s signature (jm.) below. Legend: LUD . XV . REX . CHRISTIANISS . Reverse: Crowned oval coat-of-arms of La Rochefoucault on two pairs of rapiers and Arquebusiers in saltire. Date (1766) below. Legend: PRIX PROVINCIAL DE LA FERTE SOUS JOUARRE . / 1766

An arquebus (/ˈɑːrk(w)ɪbəs/ AR-k(w)ib-əs) is a form of long gun that appeared in Europe and the Ottoman Empire during the 15th century. An infantryman armed with an arquebus is called an arquebusier.

Although the term arquebus, derived from the Dutch word Haakbus ("hook gun"), was applied to many different forms of firearms from the 15th to 17th centuries, it originally referred to "a hand-gun with a hook-like projection or lug on its under surface, useful for steadying it against battlements or other objects when firing". These "hook guns" were in their earliest forms of defensive weapons mounted on German city walls in the early 15th century. The addition of a shoulder stock, priming pan, and matchlock mechanism in the late 15th century turned the arquebus into a handheld firearm and also the first firearm equipped with a trigger.

The exact dating of the matchlock's appearance is disputed. It could have appeared in the Ottoman Empire as early as 1465 and in Europe a little before 1475. The heavy arquebus, which was then called a musket, was developed to better penetrate plate armor and appeared in Europe around 1521. Heavy arquebuses mounted on wagons were called arquebus à croc. These carried a lead ball of about 3.5 ounces (100 g).

A standardized arquebus, the caliver, was introduced in the latter half of the 16th century. The name "caliver" is derived from the English corruption of calibre, which is a reference to the gun's standardized bore. The caliver allowed troops to load bullets faster since they fit their guns more easily, whereas before soldiers often had to modify their bullets into suitable fits, or were even forced to make their own prior to battle.

The matchlock arquebus is considered the forerunner to the flintlock musket.

La Ferté-sous-Jouarre  is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne département in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located at a crossing point over the River Marne between Meaux and Château-Thierry.

The Royal-Champagne cavalry regiment is a cavalry regiment of the Kingdom of France , then of the French Republic and the Consulate , created in 1682. In February 20, 1743 this unit was renamed regiment of La Rochefoucauld cavalry (one of the oldest French noble families of the high nobility).

Louis XV (Versailles, 15 February 1710 – Versailles, 10 May 1774) ruled as King   of France and of Navarre from 1 September 1715 until his death on 10 May   1774. Coming to the throne at the age of five, Louis reigned until 15   February 1723, the date of his thirteenth birthday, with the aid of the   Régent, Philippe, duc d'Orléans, his great-uncle, thereafter taking   formal personal control of government.

Unexpectedly surviving the death of most of the royal   family, he enjoyed a favourable reputation at the beginning of his   reign and earned the epithet "le Bien-Aimé" ("the Beloved").   However, in time, his lack of morals, general inability to effectively   reform France and the Monarchy, and the perceived failings of his   foreign policy lost him the affection of his people, and he ended his   life amongst the most unpopular kings of France.

While historians have traditionally treated Louis XV   harshly, more recent research has suggested that he was in fact very   intelligent and dedicated to the task of ruling the largest state in   Europe, bar Russia. His nagging indecision, fueled by his awareness of   the complexity of problems ahead, as well as his profound timidity,   hidden behind the mask of an imperious king, may account for the poor   results achieved during his reign. In many ways, Louis XV prefigures the   "bourgeois rulers" of the romantic 19th century. While dutifully   playing the role of the mighty king carved out by his predecessor and   great-grandfather, Louis XIV, Louis XV in fact cherished nothing more   than his private life far away from the pomp and ceremony of Court.   Having lost his mother while still little more than an infant, he longed   for a reassuring and motherly presence, which he tried to find in the   intimate company of women, something for which he was much criticized   both during and after his life.

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This coin has been sold for   $53.0

Notes: https://www.ebay.com/itm/373742989308 2021-10-10

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2021-10-06
 
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