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1834, France (2nd Kingdom), Louis-Philippe. Large Silver 5 Francs Coin. Lyon mint!

Mint Year: 1834 Mint Place: Lyon (D) Condition: About XF!  Reference: KM-749.4. Denomination: 5 Francs Weight: 24.94gm Diameter: 37mm Material: Silver

Obverse: Laureate bust of King Louis-Philippe I right. Legend: LOUIS PHILIPPE I ROI DES FRANCAIS.

Reverse: Denomination (5 FRANCS) and date (1835) flanked by mint letter (D) and privy mark below. All within wreath. Legend: 5 / FRANCS / (privy mark: ship) 1834 (D)

Louis-Philippe (6 October 1773 - 26 August 1850), was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 in what was known as the July Monarchy. He was the   last king to rule France, although Napoleon III, styled as an emperor,   would serve as its last monarch.

Louis Philippe d'Orleans was born at the Palais Royal   in Paris to Louis Philippe Joseph, Duke of Chartres (later Duke of   Orleans and, later still, known as Philippe Egalite) and Louise Marie   Adelaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre. As a member of the reigning House of   Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang. He was the first of three sons and a   daughter of the Orleans family, a family that was to have erratic   fortunes for the next court years.

In 1830, the July Revolution overthrew Charles X.   Charles abdicated in favor of his 10-year-old grandson, Henri, Duke of   Bordeaux. Louis Philippe was charged by Charles X to announce to the   popularly elected Chamber of Deputies his desire to have his grandson   succeed him. Louis Philippe did not do this, in order to increase his   own chances of succession. As a consequence, because the chamber was   aware of Louis Philippe's Liberal policies and his popularity with the   masses, they proclaimed Louis Philippe, who for 11 days had been acting   as the regent for his small cousin, as the new French king, displacing   the senior branch of the House of Bourbon.

In anger over this betrayal, Charles X and his   family, including his grandson, left for Great Britain. The grandson,   better known as the Henri, Comte de Chambord, later became the pretender   to Louis Philippe's throne and was supported by many nobles known as   Legitimists.

Upon accession, Louis Philippe assumed the title of King of the French - a title already employed in the short-lived Constitution of 1791.   Linking the monarchy to a people instead of a territory (as the previous   designation King of France and Navarra) aimed at undercutting the Legitimist claims of Charles X and his family.

By his ordinance of 13 August 1830, soon after his   accession to the throne, it was decided that the king's sister and his   children would continue to bear the arms of Orleans, that Louis   Philippe's eldest son, as Prince Royal, would bear the title Duke of Orleans,   that the younger sons would continue to have their previous titles, and   that the sister and daughters of the king would only be styled Princesses of Orleans, not of France.

In 1832, his daughter, Princess Louise-Marie (1812-1850), married the first ruler of Belgium, Leopold I, King of the Belgians.

In July 1835 Louis Philippe survived an assassination attempt by Giuseppe Mario Fieschi on the boulevard du Temple in Paris.

In 1831, his son and heir, Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orleans, died in a carriage accident.

Louis Phillippe ruled in an unpretentious fashion,   avoiding the pomp and lavish spending of his predecessors. Despite this   outward appearance of simplicity, his support came from the wealthy   middle classes. At first, he was much loved and called the "Citizen   King" and the "bourgeois monarch," but his popularity suffered as his   government was perceived as increasingly conservative and monarchical,   despite his return of Napoleon's remains to France. Under his management   the conditions of the working classes deteriorated, and the income gap   widened considerably. An economic crisis in 1847 led to the citizens of   France revolting against their king again the following year.

On 24 February 1848, during the February 1848   Revolution, to general surprise, King Louis Philippe abdicated in favor   of his nine-year-old grandson, Philippe. Fearful of what had happened to   Louis XVI, Louis Philippe quickly disguised himself and fled Paris.   Riding in an ordinary cab under the name of "Mr. Smith", he escaped to   England. According to The Times of 6 March 1848, the King and Queen were received at Newhaven, East Sussex before travelling by train to London.

The National Assembly initially planned to accept   young Philippe as king, but the strong current of public opinion   rejected that. On 26 February, the Second Republic was proclaimed.   Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was elected President in December; a few   years later he declared himself president for life and then Emperor   Napoleon III.

Louis Philippe and his family lived in England until   his death in Claremont, Surrey. He is buried with his wife, Amelia (26   April 1782-24 March 1866), at the Chapelle royale de Dreux, the family   necropolis his mother had built in 1816, in Dreux.

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